Consequences of the War

With most adult men overseas fighting in the war, the war itself changed coastal Georgia.  Many coastal Georgians, including women and African Americans, found employment in the Brunswick and Savannah Shipyards, which built cargo ships for the war effort.  Cities and towns in this region near these shipyards were booming, as ones near newly-constructed Camp Stewart.

Hinesville was an example of a small town in coastal Georgia that boomed due to the war. Camp Stewart was built adjacent to Hinesville, the county seat of Liberty County.  It positively and negatively affected the town.  In 1920, Hinesville had a population of 315, and in 1945 the population had exploded to around 4,000, largely due to Camp Stewart.  With the buildup of soldiers during the course of the war, along with

Servicemen in Hinesville

civilian construction workers, local businesses profited and the town grew. However, Hinesville could not keep pace with the growth, and there were not enough workers to handle crucial services such as sanitation, water, and street maintenance. Because of this,child labor was even used, and disease and crime became rampant in Hinesville toward the end of the war. Hinesville’s problems ended along with the end of the war, but its population decreased.  However, as Fort Stewart continued to be used for training purposes, its population steadily rose again, and today it is the tenth largest city in Georgia outside the Atlanta area.

Photo Source: New Georgia Encyclopedia

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